Types of Assessment

10 Types of Assessment

As you probably know already, there are multiple types of assessments you can use to identify where your team’s knowledge and skills currently stand and in which aspects they can improve even more. But, with so many options out there, determining which one will work best for you and your team can be quite tricky. For this reason, we’ve scoured the internet for you and created a guide list of the most recommended types of assessments to consider. 

1. Diagnostic assessment

Diagnostic assessment is the most preferred type of assessment to check a learner’s current knowledge base. Most of the time, it involves a series of questions given at the start of a class or training session to identify a learner’s strengths and weaknesses prior to learning.

Types of Assessment - Diagnostic Assessment

While it’s mostly used at school, you can also include this assessment as part of your onboarding process to get to know your new hires and set a benchmark for tacking their skill and knowledge development. A quick tip for trainers – consider giving them the same assessment to see how they’ve made progress since joining your team!

2. Formative assessment 

Unlike the diagnostic test, formative assessment is administered during a training or learning session to capture a learner’s progress in real-time. It can take a variety of forms, sometimes even the combination of formal and informal assessment procedures like practice quizzes, point exercises, and even short essays.

Types of Assessment - Formative assessment

The primary goal of this type of assessment is to identify how the employees are improving as they learn and, at the same time, spot any knowledge gaps, misunderstandings, or proficiency levels that they have not achieved yet. This way, trainers and instructors can immediately modify and adjust their teaching strategies to achieve a high impact learning. 

3. Summative assessment

Summative assessment serves as a summary test provided at the end of a learning course or training activity. This type of assessment helps trainers and instructors define how much a learner has grown and improved over time and record their overall achievement. In contrast to the first two assessments, summative assessments are formal and highly evaluative. Plus, it usually involves clear instructions, expectations, and grading rubrics. Frequently high stakes, both instructors and students work extra harder to prepare for these assessments.

Types of Assessment - Summative Assessment

Because most businesses are now operating remotely as a result of the pandemic, online summative assessments have become the norm. And thanks to a plethora of online quiz creators, creating this type of assessment is now easier than ever before. Like with EdApp’s Rapid Refresh, which can help launch your summative assessments in minutes, not days or weeks. Just input your questions and corresponding answers in their user-friendly spreadsheet, and let this tool automatically transform your content into a series of gamified tests.

Types of Assessment - EdApp Rapid Refresh

You will also benefit from the smart actionable insights and granular reports of Rapid Refresh, which will be delivered instantly upon completion of this assessment. There’s no need to manually check their assessments and generate reports – Rapid Refresh will do all of the hard work for you.

4. Skill assessment

Very simply, skill assessment helps measure a person’s ability to accomplish specific tasks. This type of assessment is usually administered by recruiting professionals to identify whether or not a candidate meets the qualifications needed to work in a specific occupation. These skills may be innate or acquired through prior work experience, school education, or training.

Types of Assessment - Skill assessment

Skill assessment can also be used to evaluate a person’s soft skills and determine if he or she can easily fit in and get along in the workplace. 

5. Gamified assessment 

Gamified or game-based assessment is a type of assessment that uses various gamification elements to evaluate and gather specific information from candidates or employees, like their opinion on a certain topic or skill level. Basically, it transforms traditional tests into a game format, like memory games, true or false, and jumble words, to make the assessment more fun and contemporary. Quick and engaging, there’s no surprise how gamified assessment is rapidly gaining popularity from recruitment and L&D professionals across different industries. 

If this type of assessment has captured your interest, EdApp LMS has the perfect solution for you. Thanks to its intuitive authoring tool, this platform can help you put together a gamified assessment in just a few steps. All you need to do is choose from its 80+ game templates and author your questions and answers. To make it even more engaging, you can spice it up by adding weighted scores or timers – no technical or coding expertise is needed.

Types of Assessment - EdApp Gamified Assessment

6. Oral assessment

Oral assessment, as its name implies, is a popular assessment type that evaluates employees or candidates orally. For this method, the instructors invite their team for a face-to-face session or virtual meeting, question them directly, and assess them based on their verbal answers. Most of the time, this assessment is done casually, with no specific structured list of questions. The answers can be elaborative or straight to the point, all up to the employer or trainer’s requirements.

Types of Assessment - Oral Assessment

The best part about this type of assessment is that oral responses can never be plagiarized or copied. Plus, it offers real-time, instant results.

7. Ipsative assessment

Ipsative assessment is the practice of retaking an assessment and comparing the results from the previous performance. This type of assessment helps learners identify their mistakes and areas where they still need to improve, motivating them to perform better on their next assessment. The ipsative assessment builds on the idea that learning is a process, and there’s still room for improvement for those who have achieved a lower mark on their first attempt. 

Types of Assessment - Ipsative assessment

If you want to administer this type of assessment, you may want to consider checking EdApp’s Brain Boost. This feature enhances the spaced repetition strategy by using an adaptive, dynamic quiz that’s based upon the SM-2 learning algorithm. Essentially, Brain Boost will send assessment questions to your learners in order to determine what they recall from their training or classes, and also what they don’t. The algorithm will indicate whether or not a learner is having difficulty remembering some topics more than others. If so, they will be assessed more frequently on those topics than ones they are already comfortable with.

8. Norm-referenced assessment

Norm-referenced assessment, also called NRT tests, is a type of assessment that significantly compares a learner’s knowledge and performance to another.

Types of Assessment - Norm-referenced assessment

The comparison class is called the “norming group”, which typically consists of a small group of test-takers that share specific characteristics, like age, education, job position, and more. This assessment ranks learners from highest to lowest to accentuate differences among them and point out who is ahead or behind the norm. This information can assist trainers and managers in determining which members of the team require additional attention and guidance at work.

9. Criterion-referenced assessment

Criterion-referenced assessment is a type of assessment that measures a learner’s learning progress or performance based on pre-determined and agreed-upon criteria and standards.

Types of Assessment - Criterion-referenced assessment

Unlike the NRT tests, this evaluation doesn’t compare an individual against their peers. A criterion-referenced assessment directly measures up a person’s skills and abilities to the criterion, regardless of how the other test takers perform on the assessment. This, in turn, will help trainers and managers gather insights about an employee’s strengths and areas for improvement. 

10. Scenario-Based Assessment

Types of Assessment - Scenario-Based Assessment

Perhaps you want to see how an individual will perform in real-world situations? Needless to say, scenario-based assessment is the way to go. This type of assessment involves a hypothetical scenario where learners are expected to apply their theoretical knowledge. Using this method, assessors will be able to see firsthand the level of expertise of their learners. Not only does it produce a more reliable evaluation of your employees’ skills and knowledge, but this type of assessment also serves as an effective way to help your team practice and develop their skills. Scenario-based assessments provide a great opportunity to explore their role and function, without the pressure of being involved yet in a real-world situation.