How to Explain Complex Concepts

How to explain complex concepts

If you’re an instructor or a leader in your organization, one of your core functions is knowing how to explain complex concepts. Being able to do this consistently takes practice, training, and experience. So in this article, we’ll help you learn about different techniques for communicating complex concepts better.

What is a complex concept?

A complex concept is an intricate idea that can be broken down into simpler and more basic thought processes. In order to understand these concepts, your learners need to be able to dissect ideas and not see them as just black and white in order to understand them at a deeper level. Such complex concepts are prevalent in subjects like science, math, and philosophy, and they usually call for specialized knowledge to comprehend. A great example of a complex concept would be Einstein’s theory of relativity. This complex concept requires a deep understanding of space, time, and gravity, and how these relate to one another. 

As an instructor or a team leader, it’s your responsibility to take the time to fully understand a complex idea and uncover its most difficult aspects before trying to discuss it with your learners. Once you’ve got a good grasp of the concept, that’s when you’ll be able to explain it simply and confidently. 

Ways to explain complex concepts

If you’re trying to find out how to explain complex concepts more clearly, here are two ways you can consider:


Microlearning is a learning strategy that breaks down complex topics into easily digestible chunks of information through short lessons or modules. Microlearning courses can be distributed at predetermined intervals and accessed as many times as necessary, whenever and wherever the learner needs them. 

How to Explain Complex Concepts - Microlearning

This learning design approach can be done in various ways to cater to different learning styles and keep learners engaged. It can take the form of a standalone course or as a supplement to in-person training sessions or blended learning environments.

Gamification strategies like challenges, leaderboards, and badges can also be used hand in hand with microlearning to boost learner engagement and increase comprehension. By dividing the course into key areas and providing interactive methods of delivery, you can maximize a learner’s ability to absorb and retain complex concepts and improve their training outcomes.

Microlearning platforms such as EdApp allow you to quickly create and distribute bite-sized courses for your learners using features like a user-friendly Creator Tool, a free course library, lesson templates, and gamification elements. These tools also empower your learners to take learning into their own hands by giving them the flexibility to learn anywhere on any device. 

Explain complex concepts - On any device

One of the major benefits of using EdApp as a micro learning tool is its built-in user training metrics and analytics dashboards that provide invaluable learner data. Through these knowledge reports, you can determine how to explain complex concepts more effectively.