On The Job Training

On The Job Training

Most employees, when asked about how they acquired a certain skill, would most likely attribute it to some sort of informal training. This is because, oftentimes, it’s easier to learn something when you can see it being performed and when given the opportunity to do it yourself after.

According to Albert Bandura’s social learning theory, people can learn by observing, retaining information, and replicating a skill with the goal of achieving the same or better result. While we have different learning styles, an effective way to become proficient in a specific field is by taking the time to actually work in that environment. This is exactly what on the job training entails and is a real-world application of this theory.

What is on the job training?

On the job training, or OJT, is a hands-on training that an individual receives in the workplace while simultaneously performing the actual duties that come with it.

Most of the time, an experienced coworker or a higher-up is tasked with training the employee and making sure that they’re equipped with all the knowledge and skills they need to know about the job. They’re also responsible for coaching, providing performance evaluations, and delivering feedback.

Going through this training is highly beneficial for an employee as it gives them working knowledge and helps them develop the skills that they need in preparation for the job.

What are the advantages of on the job training?

On the job training gives learners a taste of the work atmosphere they’ll be getting into. As an employee, you’ll be able to learn the ropes early on for different situations that you’ll likely encounter on a regular basis. As you’ve already had relevant work experience and training, it can boost your confidence, which could result in excellent work performance.

On the other hand, businesses are able to save both time and resources when it comes to hiring and training. Gone are the days when employees have to attend costly offsite workshops and conferences for days or sit in a classroom for weeks just to learn the knowledge needed to get the job done. Creating a training plan is also quick and easy to implement as compared to traditional training methods. On the job training also helps develop current employees’ training capabilities and leadership skills as they mentor other coworkers.

Due to COVID-19, most companies had to adapt to a remote learning setting for conducting their training sessions. As social interaction is known to help enhance the learning experience, communication is key in making sure that mentors and employees are still able to effectively connect with each other given the physical limitations. 

EdApp’s built-in Virtual Classroom feature is designed to boost social interaction and ensure success in an online learning environment. Video meetings can be linked directly to a course for discussion to foster collaboration through the exchange of ideas, knowledge, and experiences. Conferences are easy to set up and can be hosted on your preferred third-party platforms such as Zoom and Microsoft Teams.

On the job training methods

Here are four on the job training methods to effectively implement your training plan:


In this method, a coworker takes the role of a mentor to a single trainee or to a small group of protégés. Mentors and mentees are usually matched based on their personalities and work styles to help the work relationship succeed. Aside from passing on knowledge and best practices, it’s more geared towards a shared experience wherein the mentor provides guidance for the mentee’s personal and professional development.


This is a training method for employees who want to work towards a certification or qualification to become an expert in a certain trade or field. Apprenticeship makes use of both theoretical training and actual on the job training to be able to teach a particular set of skills. Unlike other training examples, apprentices earn wages while on the training program. This is one of the methods with the longest completion time and can take years to finish.

Job Instruction

This simple method is also known as step by step training wherein the trainer provides a set of instructions for the employee to follow. This method involves four steps wherein: (1) the trainer makes preparations beforehand such as preparing tools and training materials; (2) demonstrates how the job is done; (3) have the employee try it out for themselves; and (4) follow up with the employee for feedback and evaluation. This method is commonly used in manual skills or procedures.

Job Rotation

Job rotation is a method wherein an employee is moved to various roles from time to time for a more holistic learning experience. It helps the employee gain more skills and know-how about the different sides of the business. Rotation allows for more flexibility since employees are able to fill more available roles when needed.

Is on the job training the best training format?

As on the job training is usually done in a short period of time, there’s a high chance of information being forgotten or overwritten when the transfer of knowledge focuses on social learning. Due to this, we can say that on the job training isn’t that comprehensive enough to make up for a complete training program. However, when paired with microlearning, employees can get the most out of the information from their training. This is because information is delivered in bite-sized chunks and short bursts that are easy to digest, proven effective when it comes to comprehension and retention.

EdApp is the leading microlearning platform that provides a modern learning experience perfect for your on the job training needs. You’ll have access to a wide selection of editable courses with gamification elements that you can use for knowledge transfer and reinforcing concepts. It also makes use of other features such as videos, quizzes, and surveys to keep your learners engaged. It works seamlessly in combination with your favorite video conferencing platforms to give the closest simulation to in-person interaction anytime and anywhere.

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