Trauma Informed Care and Teaching

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By DESIGNxHUMANITY
6 Lessons
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Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Lessons

Click through the microlessons below to preview this course. Each lesson is designed to deliver engaging and effective learning to your team in only minutes.

  1. Welcome
  2. Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?
  3. What is Trauma-Informed Care?
  4. How does Trauma form?
  5. What Does Trauma Look Like?
  6. Support Students Who Experience Trauma

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Trauma Informed Care and Teaching course excerpts

Welcome

Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Course - Lesson Excerpt

Trauma-Informed Care & Teaching

Welcome

Welcome

Welcome In this course we’ll be looking at Trauma-Informed Care and how you, as a teacher, can help children experiencing trauma lead more productive and peaceful lives.

Welcome

We’ll begin by building an awareness of what trauma is and what it means before we explore Trauma-Informed Care.

Welcome

By the end of this course, you'll be able to identify children who are experiencing trauma and ways that you can help them.

Welcome

Connect with these organizations if you're experiencing any trauma or if the content of this course initiates stress. https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org/ https://www.samhsa.gov/find-help/national-helpline

Check out the Briefcase to find more information and resources on Trauma-Informed Care.

Welcome

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Learn how trauma can affect student behavior and performance.
Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Course - Lesson Excerpt

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

By understanding and becoming aware of trauma, educators are afforded the opportunity to intervene and change the trajectory of a child’s life.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

They go on to say, “When severe, these changes are termed toxic stress and can impede children’s behavior, cognitive capacity, and emotional and physical health.”

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Silence and seclusion can be a sign of toxic stress for a child.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Children exposed to more frightening and threatening events suffer from academic, behavioral, and health problems.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Adverse Childhood Experiences can become a physical manifestation for children affected by trauma.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

**Causes of Trauma ** Racial discrimination Police violence Housing segregation Economic insecurity Family instability Parental emotional instability Toxic stress, in a child’s life, is often referred to as Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Black children are disproportionately affected by Adverse Childhood Experiences and experience increased trauma.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Much like isolation, anger is an outward manifestation of a childhood trauma.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Discrimination is one of the leading causes for stress and trauma in a Black child’s life.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Discriminatory practices occur across all contexts of life, including schooling.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

Children feel the emotional stress of discrimination, and it shows.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

As educators, the sooner we learn to recognize the signs of a child experiencing toxic stress, the sooner we can help them.

Why is Trauma-Informed Care Important?

References “Toxic Stress and children’s Outcomes: African American Children ...”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, https://www.epi.org/publication/toxic-stress-and-childrens-outcomes-african-american-children-growing-up-poor-are-at-greater-risk-of-disrupted-physiological-functioning-and-depressed-academic-achievement/. “The Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences, Nationally, by ...”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, https://www.childtrends.org/publications/prevalence-adverse-childhood-experiences-nationally-state-race-ethnicity. “Issue Brief 1: Understanding the Impact of Trauma”, n.d. Accessed December 5, 2020. https://gucchdtacenter.georgetown.edu/TraumaInformedCare/issueBrief1_UnderstandingImpactTrauma.pdf. Images are sourced from: “Adobe Stock: Stock Photos, Royalty-Free Images, Graphics, Vectors ...”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://stock.adobe.com/. “Canva”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://www.canva.com/.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Learn the definition of Trauma-Informed Care and what it looks like in K-12 Education.
Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Course - Lesson Excerpt

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

** The Four R’s define Trauma-Informed Care** According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, a Trauma-Informed Care organization does these four things: **Realizes **the widespread impact of trauma and understands potential paths for recovery. **Recognizes **the signs and symptoms of trauma in clients, families, staff, and others involved with the system. **Responds **by fully integrating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures, and practices. Seeks to actively **resist **re-traumatization.

Trauma can affect anyone, so education employees should always use trauma-informed practices when working with students, staff, and families.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

For example, when meeting with parents, it’s important to remember that the system of school can be traumatic for someone. All parents and students should feel welcome and heard.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

People in trauma have difficulty learning.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Teachers should try to recognize when students might be experiencing trauma, so teachers can respond to the student’s trauma.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

The teacher should respond with support and empowerment if a student approaches a teacher with an issue.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Phrases like “Thank you for sharing that with me. How would you like the outcome to look?” are compassion-based.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Trauma-Informed Care is not therapy or services to heal or address a person’s trauma.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Trauma-Informed Care is realizing that anyone can be in trauma, recognizing possible signs of trauma, responding to other’s trauma, and resisting retraumatization.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Every student, parent, and employee that we interact with could have experienced serious trauma that influences the way they think, feel, and behave.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Schools and individuals should adopt a Trauma-Informed Care approach with everyone they interact with because it’s impossible to tell who is suffering from trauma.

What is Trauma-Informed Care?

References “The Institute on Trauma and Trauma-Informed Care (ITTIC ...”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, http://socialwork.buffalo.edu/social-research/institutes-centers/institute-on-trauma-and-trauma-informed-care.html. “SAMHSA’s Concept of Trauma and Guidance for a Trauma-Informed ...”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, https://ncsacw.samhsa.gov/userfiles/files/SAMHSA_Trauma.pdf. ** Images are sourced from:** “Adobe Stock: Stock Photos, Royalty-Free Images, Graphics, Vectors ...”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://stock.adobe.com/. “Canva”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://www.canva.com/.

How does Trauma form?

Learn the most common causes of trauma and where they might occur.
Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Course - Lesson Excerpt

How does Trauma form?

How does Trauma form?

Trauma at School The school environment and system can traumatize and retraumatize students.

How does Trauma form?

Examples of trauma at school include:

Requiring students to write, act, or read about traumatic events.

How does Trauma form?

Grouping students by categories of identity that reinforce stereotypes and encourage bias (like perceived academic ability, gender, race, size, etc.).

How does Trauma form?

Using intervention programs that reinforce the school-to-prison pipeline instead of restorative justice.

How does Trauma form?

Bullying and abuse from classmates.

How does Trauma form?

Trauma at Home The first trauma a child could experience can take place at home. The younger children are when they experience a traumatic event the more impact it has on them.

How does Trauma form?

**Trauma at Home Examples ** Divorce Moving Frequently Death of a Loved One Medical injury or illness Domestic Violence Poverty

Trauma in Communities Students can also experience trauma when interacting within their communities.

How does Trauma form?

Examples of Trauma in Communities Political Unrest Natural Disasters War

References “Traumatic Events: Causes, Effects, and Management”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, https://www.healthline.com/health/traumatic-events. Images are sourced from: “Adobe Stock: Stock Photos, Royalty-Free Images, Graphics, Vectors ...”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://stock.adobe.com/. “Canva”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://www.canva.com/.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

Learn to recognize the signs of traumatic stress.
Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Course - Lesson Excerpt

What Does Trauma Look Like?

What Does Trauma Look Like?

Signs of Traumatic Stress In this lesson, there are two classroom scenarios. The first scenario is about a kindergartener named Aida and the second is about a high school student named Donovan Then you will determine whether these children are exhibiting signs of traumatic stress. Lastly, we will briefly discuss the common signs of traumatic stress in children.

Mr. Johnson teaches kindergarten.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

In Mr. Johnson's class there is a 5 year-old girl named Aida.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

Every morning when her mother drops her off, she cries inconsolably.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

This is normal at the beginning of the year, but she continues to cry every day and does not interact with Mr. Johnson or play with her peers.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

Mr. Johnson notices Aida has a speech delay, and she gets upset when other students are loud or when her daily routine is interrupted.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

Ms. Herrera teaches math at the high school level.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

In one of her honors classes, there is a boy named Donovan.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

Donovan has become increasingly aggressive and confrontational at school.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

He talks throughout class and has difficulty staying on task.

What Does Trauma Look Like?

Be alert to the possibility of a misdiagnosis. Children who have experienced traumatic events may have behavioral problems like Donovan, or their suffering may not be apparent at all, like Aida. It is important to look for signs in children who do not act out like Donovan. These children often fly under the radar and do not get help. You may be legally obligated to report any possibilities of abuse to law enforcement or social services as state reporting laws require. Many behaviors in children who have experienced trauma are nearly identical to those with developmental delays such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and other mental health issues. Therefore the misdiagnosis forms a treatment plan that does not address the trauma.

References “Child Trauma Toolkit for Educators | The National Child Traumatic ...”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, https://www.nctsn.org/resources/child-trauma-toolkit-educators. Images are sourced from: “Adobe Stock: Stock Photos, Royalty-Free Images, Graphics, Vectors ...”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://stock.adobe.com/. “Canva”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://www.canva.com/.

Support Students Who Experience Trauma

Learn some simple strategies to help support your students in the classroom.
Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Course - Lesson Excerpt

Support Students Who Experience Trauma

Support Students Who Experience Trauma

There are several things you can do to support your students if you suspect that one of them has experienced trauma.

Support Students Who Experience Trauma

References “8 Ways to Support Students Who Experience Trauma | Edutopia”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, https://www.edutopia.org/discussion/8-ways-support-students-who-experience-trauma. “Child Trauma Toolkit for Educators | The National Child Traumatic ...”, n.d., accessed December 1, 2020, https://www.nctsn.org/resources/child-trauma-toolkit-educators. ** Images are sourced from: ** “Adobe Stock: Stock Photos, Royalty-Free Images, Graphics, Vectors ...”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://stock.adobe.com/. “Canva”, n.d. Accessed December 1, 2020. https://www.canva.com/.

Support Students Who Experience Trauma

Trauma Informed Care and Teaching Course Author

DESIGNxHUMANITYDesign By Humanity (DxH) is a design collective and apprenticeship program pairing experienced creatives with fresh faces to collaborate on real-world projects advocating for Black, Indigenous, & People of Color (BIPOC). We work on all topics regarding equity, diversity, inclusion, and anti-racism.

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