Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving

Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Free

By UNITAR
6 Lessons

The Autosobriety Training Programme has been created for Driving Schools in the eThekwini Municipality in South Africa. It is composed of four modules, in which we will revise different topics, such as: Statistics on road safety crashes; Effects of alcohol; Alcohol and the Law; Alcohol and road traffic crashes. This Programme contributes to advance the United Nations Global Road Safety Performance Target #9: By 2030 halve the number of road traffic injuries and fatalities related to drivers using alcohol, and/or achieve a reduction in those related to other psychoactive substances.

From the author:The Autosobriety Training Programme has been created for Driving Schools in the eThekwini Municipality in South Africa. It is composed of four modules, in which we will revise different topics, such as: Statistics on road safety crashes; Effects of alcohol; Alcohol and the Law; Alcohol and road traffic crashes. This Programme contributes to advance the United Nations Global Road Safety Performance Target #9: By 2030 halve the number of road traffic injuries and fatalities related to drivers using alcohol, and/or achieve a reduction in those related to other psychoactive substances.

Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Lessons

Click through the microlessons below to preview this course. Each lesson is designed to deliver engaging and effective learning to your team in only minutes.

  1. Introduction
  2. Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes
  3. Module 2: Drinking and driving
  4. Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa
  5. Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"
  6. Final test

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Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving course excerpts

Introduction

This educational programme aims to contribute to advance the United Nations Global Road Safety Performance Target 9: "By 2030, halve the number of road traffic injuries and fatalities related to drivers using alcohol, and/or achieve a reduction in those related to other psychoactive substances."
Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Course - Lesson Excerpt

Introduction

. . . With the support of

Introduction

. . . In collaboration with

Introduction

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

In this Module you will learn about: - Global statistics on Road Safety - Crashes and casualties in South Africa in 2019 - Crashes and casualties in the eThekwini Municipality in 2019 - Driving intoxicated in South Africa
Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Course - Lesson Excerpt

Road Traffic Injuries: ** A hidden pandemic **

Let's check the global statistics of this hidden pandemic Source: WHO

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

Every year 1.35 million people are killed

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

And 50 million are seriously injured globally due to road crashes

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

EVERY 24 SECONDS Road crashes kill one person

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

nearly 3,700 KILLED A DAY

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

Road crashes are the number one killer of people aged between 5 to 29 years-old

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

Let's check the crashes and casualties in South Africa in 2019 Source: Road Traffic Management Corporation

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

10,391 FATAL CRASHES

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

12,503 CASUALTIES in South African roads

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

34 deaths DAILY

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

Let's check the crashes and casualties in eThekwini Municipality in 2019 Source: eThekwini Transport Authority

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

**65,861 ** CRASHES

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

16,087 INJURIES ** of which 3,730 are serious injuries **

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

631 DEATHS

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

Let's check the Driving Intoxicated in South Africa Statistics Source: South African Road Traffic Management Corporation

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

It is estimated that alcohol use is involved in 28% of fatal crashes

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

These casualties cause 3.500 DEATHS / year

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

3,500 deaths / year can be compared to 9 crashed airplanes each plane with 368 passengers

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

In 2019, there were 5,500 alcohol related crashes in eTHEKWINI which comprises at least 8% of all crashes in the municipal area

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

5% of Road Traffic casualties in eThekwini involve alcohol

Module 1: Statistics on road traffic crashes

In your opinion, is operating a motor vehicle after consuming alcohol dangerous?

Module 2: Drinking and driving

In this Module you will learn about: - What is alcohol? - How alcohol is absorbed by the body? - Effect on the human body - How long does it take for the body to assimilate alcohol? - How is alcohol excreted from the body? - Myths about the methods to hide the presence of alcohol in blood or to accelerate its excretion - Effects of alcohol on driving performance
Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Course - Lesson Excerpt

Drinking and Driving

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Module 2: Drinking and driving

The first stage during which alcohol enters the bloodstream is called absorption.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream through the stomach.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Once alcohol is ingested, it begins to be broken down in your mouth before entering your digestive system, and it is absorbed into your blood stream. The majority of alcohol is absorbed through your stomach and small bowel.

Through the blood, alcohol spreads over to all organs, and primarily to the brain and muscles.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

When alcohol enters the brain along with blood, we begin to experience alcohol intoxication. This process can continue when the driver is on the road.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Alcohol is a depressant for the central nervous system (CNS), impairing functions related to judgment, control, and cognition.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

When the central nervous system (CNS) is suppressed, the following functions slowdown affecting behavior.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

It takes an average adult approximately 1 hour to process one unit of alcohol. The exact duration depends on many factors. Let´s check them.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

How large the drink is

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Genetic background

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Age

Module 2: Drinking and driving

General health

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Gender When they drink the same amount of alcohol, women will end up with a higher concentration of alcohol in their blood than men, because: Women typically weigh less than men Women have less water in their body to dilute alcohol Women bodies contain fewer of the enzymes that break down ethanol.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Body size and weight

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Here is where the alcohol undergoes a metabolic process. 90% of the consumed alcohol is processed by the liver.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

The remaining 10% is removed from the body through sweat, tears, urine and the lungs.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

The liver is capable of processing about 8 grams / hour.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

In South Africa, one unit of alcohol is about 8gr of pure alcohol. Approximately: Standard glass of wine: 2.1 units “Draft glass” of low strength beer: 2 units “Draft glass” of high strength beer: 3 units Bottle of lager: 1.7 units Cider: 1.5 units Single spirit with mix: 1 unit

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Module 2: Drinking and driving

EATING If the stomach is full, the alcohol mixes with the food, which slows down its absorption. So, eating may reduce the pace at which your BAC increases. In addition, we also tend to drink more slowly while eating. However, eating will not prevent you from getting drunk or accelerate the elimination of alcohol.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

DRINKING WATER This will not speed up alcohol processing, but the body needs water to break down alcohol and remove it in urine. Staying hydrated will help your body process the alcohol you consume.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

INDUCE VOMITING Doing this after having an alcoholic drink may reduce a part of it in the body but alcohol will still be in the blood, not in the stomach. The more time has passed since getting the drink, the more alcohol has transferred from digestive system to the bloodstream.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

TAKE A COLD SHOWER This may create a false feeling of increased alertness, as if alcohol had stopped affecting the body, but in fact it did not. Also, drastically changing the body temperature, can be dangerous.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

DRINKING STRONG COFFEE This will not reduce alcohol in your blood. It may help you to stay awake but it won’t change the level of alcohol in blood and make one sober.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

DOING SPORTS This may help removing a small amount of alcohol from the blood through perspiration. However, this amount is not significant to reduce drunkenness.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

SLEEPING It takes an average adult one hour to process one unit of alcohol. During sleep, the process of metabolism in the body slows down. Naturally, the time to process alcohol increases.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

ATTENTION Even when the alcohol is fully eliminated from the body, the brain and muscles have not completely "returned" to normal state.   THERE IS NO EFFECTIVE WAY to get back to being sober faster. On average, the liver is able to process about 8 grams of pure alcohol in just one hour. Time is needed to eliminate alcohol from the body.

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Module 2: Drinking and driving

ON YOUR DRIVING BEHAVIOR Speeding or, on the contrary, very slow driving Unjustified and unexpected actions (braking, turning, changing the lane or speed, etc.) Looping and twisting on the road Mixing up the gas and brake pedals, red and green traffic lights Reckless and irrational actions

Module 2: Drinking and driving

ON YOUR BRAIN AND BODY Lower speed of reaction and reflexes Loss of muscle control and coordination Impairment of logical thinking and decision-making Loss of attention, ability to concentrate and memory Twisted space orientation and perception of road conditions Spontaneous and uncontrolled emotionality  

Module 2: Drinking and driving

ON EYESIGHT Light sensitivity   Foggy outline of objects   Distortion of colours   Erroneous perception of distance   Tunnel vision

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Module 2: Drinking and driving

The amount of alcohol in blood can be measured through the Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC). BAC refers to the percentage of alcohol (ethyl alcohol or ethanol) in a person's bloodstream. 

Module 2: Drinking and driving

Less than half of countries worldwide (88 countries) have drink-driving laws based on a BAC limits that is equal to or less than 0.5 g/l (0.5 grams per liter of blood) Studies show that the relationship between relative crash rate and BAC-level is exponential (Compton and Berning 2015)

Module 2: Drinking and driving

What is the average speed of processing alcohol by an average healthy man?

Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa

In this Module you will learn: - Legislation to control alcohol levels in South Africa - Legal consequences of drinking driving - What if you are found driving under the influence of alcohol?
Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Course - Lesson Excerpt

Alcohol and the law

Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa

Drinking and driving is a criminal offense in South Africa

Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa

If a person is found guilty of drunk driving, he/she could face up to 6 years in prison

Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa

A person could pay a fine up to R120,000

Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa

The driver’s license may be suspended

Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa

A drunk person will have a criminal record that can have serious consequences for the rest of the life

Module 3 - Alcohol and the law in South Africa

Do you know the consequences of drinking and driving?

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

In this Module you will learn: - Ways to prevent drinking and driving - As Road User
Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Course - Lesson Excerpt

Avoiding

LEGISLATION AND ENFORCEMENT Enforce laws on maximum levels of alcohol in blood Increase fines and punishments Implement specific actions for serious offenders

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

CONTROLS Controls by the police

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

EDUCATION Information and education of the population Forced education for offenders

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

TECHNOLOGY Enhance procedures for alcohol testing

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

Know how much is enough - know the alcohol content of your drink and how much is enough

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

Pre-booked free drive home options are also available in certain areas from local Banking Service

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

Where available, get a taxi or use public transport

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

Plan ahead your journey back home before you go out

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

Designate drivers and friends & ALWAYS DRINK IN MODERATION

Module 4 - Avoiding "drinking and driving"

What is the likelihood that you will drink and drive?

Final test

Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Course - Lesson Excerpt

Let's check your knowledge

In your view, does the consumption of alcohol before operating a motor vehicle increase the risk of causing a road crash?

How many people die each year in South Africa in drink-driving accidents?

What is the main organ to absorb the alcohol?

What does NOT affect the processing of alcohol in your body?

What is the definition of alcohol unit in South Africa?

What drink contains far more alcohol units than the others?

What is the average speed of processing alcohol by an average healthy man?

What actions will speed up the elimination of alcohol out of the body?

What is the BAC limit in your country for individual drivers?

What are the legal consequences of drink-driving in South Africa?

What is the likelihood that you will drink and drive?

Imagine you came to visit your friend by car. You hadn’t plan to drink, but your friend told you that he or she was getting married, so you decided to celebrate it with several glasses of champaign. What is NOT the safest way to return home?

Autosobriety to Prevent Drink-Driving Course Author

UNITARThe United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) is a dedicated training arm of the United Nations system.

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