This course will focus on the role of women in disasters. You will learn to identify the linkages between disaster prevention, disaster risk reduction, and gender. The following topics will be covered in the course module: women as leaders for DRR, looking at disasters with a gender lens, gender and DRR inter-linkages, select case studies, and the concept of “Leave No One Behind.”From the author:“This course will focus on the role of women in disasters. You will learn to identify the linkages between disaster prevention, disaster risk reduction, and gender. The following topics will be covered in the course module: women as leaders for DRR, looking at disasters with a gender lens, gender and DRR inter-linkages, select case studies, and the concept of “Leave No One Behind.” ”
Introduction to the Importance of Women in Disaster Risk Reduction
This lesson will discuss the course’s creation in honour of International Women’s Day, and briefly discuss some of the foundations for considering gender in disasters and introduce the goals of the course.
Although natural disasters affect everyone...
...there is often a more severe and disproportional impact on vulnerable populations, including women, children, youth, aging adults, people with disabilities, migrants, refugees, and minorities
Unfortunately, these groups’ voices and their needs are often left out of disaster planning and response.
Multi-stakeholder groups also highlighted these understandings at the 3rd UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in 2015. Source: https://www.wcdrr.org/uploads/Mobilizing-Women%E2%80%99s-Leadership-in-Disaster-Risk-Reduction.pdf
This course module will explore the following: Women as leaders in disaster risk reduction The importance of viewing disasters with a gender lens The link between gender and risk reduction in disaster Two case studies of Women Leaders in Japan, specifically after Japan experienced 311 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in 2011 How to empower women during reconstruction after disasters How to “Leave No One Behind” in disasters
Acknowledgements Improvement Sciences customised this content for use in EdApp’s free, Educate All course library. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs Japan generously supported the development of this content with the United Nations Institute for Teaching and Research.
Why women as leaders for DRR?
In sum, women’s leadership is seen to be DIFFERENT from which implies control and hierarchical power structure: More democratic Seeks to enhance “ability of the group” Focuses on helping the community members come together Women tend to prefer partnership as opposed to controlling, and to build relationships based on trust and mutual support
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030) You can download the pdf file in multiple languages by visiting: https://www.undrr.org/implementing-sendai-framework/what-sendai-framework Under the “Guiding Principles” it calls for women’s leadership (III Para 19 (d))
Similarly, the 2017 Global Platform for DRR also made calls for women's leadership roles. You can download the pdf file by visiting: https://www.preventionweb.net/files/53989_chairssummaryofthe2017globalplatfor.pdf
Which framework called for more women in leadership as one of its "Guiding Principles"?
Looking at disasters with a gender lens
In a sample of 141 countries over the period of 1981 to 2002, it was found that in societies where gender inequality persists, natural disasters (and subsequent impacts) on average
Gendered Impacts Natural disasters affect men and women, and boys and girls, differently. The impacts are NOT “natural” but are shaped and often exacerbated by existing gender inequalities. These issues include: Gender roles Gender stereotypes Gendered division of labor Unpaid care work Lack of decision-making power
Women as agents of change
We need to understand that women are not just vulnerable victims.
Women are strong networkers, managers, organizers, and caretakers in their family and community.
Numerous studies and initiatives have shown how women leaders build resilient communities and contribute to “Building Back Better.”
Gender and DRR Inter-linkages
It is also important to look at vulnerability with a gender lens, especially because gender inequality in normal times increase vulnerability at times of natural disasters and climate hazards (as seen in the Quizzes).
Case Study - Women's Leadership Interview with Women's NPO Yappesu
Yappesu was established in May 2011 to foster and support residents volunteering towards reconstructing Ishinomaki.
Yappesu means "Let's Do It Together" in their dialect in North East Japan.
The Organization supports Ishinomaki City to become a lively city again, where each resident takes part in the reconstruction process and everyone can live happily. It supports local entrepreneurs with hand crafts and holds festivals to promote Ishinomaki City.
Yappesu also focuses on women’s leadership among communities and gives lectures about leadership and human resource development.
Let's hear the story from Ms. Yoshie Kaneko, the President of Yappesu.
Visit Yappesu Website: http://yappesu.jp/
Leave no one behind NPO RERA
The Great East Japan Earthquake hit the northeastern region in 2011. Almost 60,000 vehicles were damaged due to submersion or destroyed by flood in Ishinomaki area in Miyagi prefecture.
Under such circumstances, there was an NGO which began providing transportation assistance service in the area immediately after the earthquake. They carry on their activities with the motto ‘Let’s protect the means of transportation in disaster hit areas’.
They mainly support the elderly’s hospital visits who have underlying conditions. The users make an appointment by phone and they can use the service only for the cost of gasoline to the destination.
This NGO is financed by the donation from the general public and subsidies from Miyagi prefecture and private organizations. We heard the stories from the representative Ms. Hiroko MURASHIMA .
Our hope is our loved ones live happily in this city by RERA.
Informative and well designed