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Hazards are always present in any construction site, requiring protective equipment and training workers to use it properly is crucial as a last line of defense against any untoward accidents.
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**Personal Protective Equipments ** (PPE)
Personal protective equipment, commonly referred to as "PPE", is equipment worn to minimize exposure to hazards that cause serious workplace injuries and illnesses.
Personal protective equipment may include items such as gloves, safety glasses, shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, coveralls, and vests.
Required personnel protection equipment (PPE) must be worn at all times when on construction or renovation sites
At a minimum, each employee is required to wear a hard hat and safety glasses and high visibility safety vests with reflective striping when exposed to vehicular traffic.
Be aware when personal protective equipment is necessary.
Always use protective equipment properly.
Know what kind of protective equipment is necessary.
Understand the limitations of personal protective equipment in protecting workers from injury.
Put on, adjust, wear, and take off personal protective equipment.
Maintain protective equipment properly.
Work Clothing Shirt sleeves a minimum of 4 inches long. Long sleeves when performing hot work. Work clothes shall not have excessive wear or holes that would create a burn hazard. Natural fiber or FR treated clothing required for site/task specific duties. Tyvek may be required for use when working in regulated areas for inorganic arsenic, lead, cadmium, & hexavalent chromium. Cotton or FR Disposable suits may be required when performing hot work or per client requirements.
Types of PPE
Head & Face Protection
Hard hats are required at all times.
Use welding hoods with properly shaded lens.
Soft band welding hoods are only permitted with the approval of site management
Use face shields when grinding, torch cutting, chipping/jackhammering, or splash protection.
Eye Protection Safety glasses shall be used at all times. Prescription safety glasses shall be permitted to worn only if they are ANSI Z87 approved and have permanently attached side shields. If prescription eye wear is not ANSI Z87, glass type safety glasses shall be worn over.
Employees must have medical clearances before wearing a respirator.
Fit-testing required at least annually, for different models of respirators and prior to initial use.
To be issued a respirator, an employee must be clean shaven.
Glasses and goggles must be worn in a manner that does not interfere with the seal.
Employees wearing a tight fitting respirator must perform a positive & negative pressure seal check prior to donning the respirator.
Respirators must be stored in a bag when not in use & the employees name must be on both the respirator/bag.
Employees are responsible for cleaning and maintaining their own respirator.
A hard hat is a form of head protection worn by workers to help prevent injuries from falling debris, impacts and other hazards.
Hard hats are also known as safety helmets, and are made from strong plastic such as HDPE (high-density polyethylene).
Hard hats are the best way to protect yourself from workplace hazards that may cause head trauma such as objects falling from above; bumping into fixed objects, such as pipes or beams; or contact with electrical hazards.
When objects or debris might fall from above and strike workers on the head
When employees may strike their heads against fixed objects, like supports, beams, or other equipment
When there is the possibility that workers’ heads will make contact with electrical hazards
Noise, or unwanted sound, is one of the most pervasive occupational health problems.
Hearing Conservation aims to prevent occurrence or reduce progression of noise-induced hearing loss.
Excessive exposure to high levels of noise causes permanent hearing loss, sleeplessness, irritability, among other harmful health effects as well.
Noise-induced hearing loss can be temporary which results from short-term exposures to noise, with normal hearing returning after period of rest or permanent which is caused by prolonged exposure to high noise levels over a period of time.
If noise exposure is equivalent to or greater than 85 decibels (dB) averaged over 8 working hours, or an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) called the Action Level.
If you can’t carry on a typical conversation from 2 feet away without raising your voice, you need monitoring and hearing protection.
Whenever there are changes in production, process, or controls that increase noise exposure, monitoring just be repeated
Careful checking or calibration of instruments used for monitoring employee exposures is needed to ensure that the measurements are accurate
Audiometric testing program monitors an employee’s hearing over time and should be available at no cost.
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