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Trafficking has been an ongoing tragic, complex issue that is happening all over the world and across multiple industries. It can affect anyone regardless of age and gender. This course aims to help you learn and identify the signs of trafficking, types of exploitation and how to respond when you see it happening. Together, we can put an end to this.
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What is Trafficking?
Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights.
Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad.
Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims.
An estimated 40.3 million people are victims of human trafficking in 2016 according to the report of International Labour Organization (ILO).
Types of Exploitation
The two most common types of human trafficking are **sex trade **and forced labor.
Human trafficking is not the same as human smuggling. Human smuggling is consensual, whereas trafficking is done against a person’s will
The economic sectors that profit most from human trafficking are agriculture, restaurants, manufacturing, domestic work, entertainment, hospitality, and the commercial sex industry.
Trafficking can occur between countries or in areas within a country. It can also happen to anyone of any **gender, race, or age **
Identifying the Signs
An estimated 40.3 million people are victims of trafficking. Of these 24.9 million were exploited for labour and 15.4 million were in forced marriage.
Trafficking does not discriminate; it affects men and women of all ages including children.
Trafficking occurs in many different industries. While every industry is susceptible majority of the victims are exploited in the following industries: domestic work, construction, agriculture and sex work.
Debt bondage is frequently used as a method of control that prevents victims from escaping. It affects half of all victims of forced labour and trafficking.
Key Red flags of a Potential Trafficking Situation: Living with employer Poor living conditions Multiple people in cramped space Inability to speak to individual alone Answers appear to be scripted and rehearsed Employer is holding identity documents Signs of physical abuse Submissive or fearful Unpaid or paid very little Under 18 and in prostitution
INSTRUCTED A person acts as if instructed by another, as though they are forced or coerced to carry out specific activities
ABUSED A person demonstrates signs of physical or psychological abuse, such as lacking self esteem, bruising or untreated medical conditions
DEBT SADDLED A person seems to be bonded by debt or has money deducted from their salary
ISOLATED A person has little or no contact with family or loved ones
How to Respond
Human trafficking affects every country on the globe and is a tragic, complex issue.
All information on human trafficking is important, no matter how small. If you have seen something suspicious, report it.
If you are concerned that you have witnessed human trafficking, it is essential you report this to the appropriate organisation in your country.