January 31, 2020
The ADDIE model is a five-phase flexible guideline for creating effective training and support tools for instructional design.
Analyze. Design. Develop. Implement. Evaluate. It sounds simple, as most profound ideas usually are (i.e. E=mc², sliced bread). In fact, many Instructional Designers (IDs) do these steps intuitively.
In part because of its cyclical nature, IDs are often drawn to the ADDIE model lesson plan. It promotes a constant re-evaluation of learning since materials need to be updated, as times change new hurdles need to be re-evaluated and addressed. ADDIE allows lessons to be living documents, evolving with the needs, culture and attitudes of our learners.
When the ADDIE training model was articulated as a framework for constant course development it gave a common language to IDs and educators. Those pesky surveys had a name (“Evaluation” Phase), and IDs could tell their managers, “We’re in Development at the moment, hoping to Implement next week.”
The ADDIE model follows a 5-step linear and waterfall model which consists of Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. It means that each step in the ADDIE learning process model shall be completed before moving into the next step to ensure the effective building of training content that is relevant to the learner’s needs. This model serves as a streamlined step-by-step guide for Instructional Designers which entails cycle repetition until learners develop all the necessary skillsets and unleash their fullest potential.
In the ADDIE model, the analysis phase is when the problem and instructional goals are outlined. This is where instructional designers spend time understanding what needs to be made and how they will use the ADDIE model to make it.
EdApp’s analytics suite allows administrators and educators to analyze where there are knowledge gaps and where the focus should shift. Initially, employers usually have an idea of what they’d like their employees to know, but with EdApp’s data-driven elearning we can have a better idea of what employees need to know to do their jobs better. EdApp can be a great intermediary between management and employees and let them know about knowledge deficits they might’ve been unaware of.
The design phase of the ADDIE model is when learning objectives are systematically set out and planned for. The learning objectives will be the framework for the creation of content for the learner.
EdApp‘s free microlearning platform aligns perfectly with lightweight online learning management through powerful built-in tools like rapid authoring. This means that you can easily make real-time changes, feedback, and lesson data to ultimately to create smarter, more relevant training materials faster.
EdApp’s rapid authoring tool is the most reactive and effective tool in microlearning. It also hosts a plethora of templates to help you make the most beautiful, effective learning content – no coding required. Inspiration can strike an ID and she can have a beautifully crafted lesson in minutes. Our learning management system is intended to foster this sort of stroke-of-the-brush creativity and to treat instructional design as the innovative art that it is.
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ADDIE’s development phase is when the learning materials required to implement the design are collected together and the output starts to come into shape. The development phase is important and requires access to high-quality assets. Development is the phase which benefits most from the use of an LMS.
Changes in EdApp can happen instantly. The process of receiving feedback, revision and publishing can happen with a flick of the wrist. Sharing a lesson is easy as texting a preview link to someone on the team. With our course branding and custom CSS ability, a designer can make a change across whole courseware at once if someone thinks the red should be a tad “redder.”
Implementation during the rollout of an ADDIE framework is where content creators and learners have a procedure for training set out. The rollout is where learners first interact with the lessons and it’s important to do this in a way that allows for the collection of feedback.
The implementation in EdApp is swift and wide-ranging. By using push notifications and real prizing and gamification, we weave learning into the fabric of our learners’ lives. Admins can press publish and distribute to the right user groups or teams. An EdApp new mobile learning or mlearning lesson notification can strike at any moment.
The evaluate phase of ADDIE is the ongoing and after the fact evaluation of what went well and what did not. Quick and clear feedback is then fed back into the ADDIE model of development. This continuous cycle of improvement makes ADDIE a very effective model to use.
EdApp’s evaluation templates allow for quantitative and qualitative feedback. While crunching the numbers is important and much easier to manage for our enterprise clients, we allow for the option of a text input for feedback. While much of Instructional Design evaluates the course itself, this allows Admins to read anecdotes, areas of concern or desires of their learners directly. We find that the question of “What other areas would you like to learn about?” can be useful fodder for future lessons.
EdApp’s SCORM authoring tool is crucial for a rapidly changing time. The ADDIE model doesn’t end with an “Evaluation Phase,” it continues into future lessons and creates a framework for educators to build on their lessons. What’s commonly lost in blended e-learning is immediate feedback from a room full of learners, their immediate facial expressions, their eager questions and the speaker’s improvisation to address those concerns. EdApp fixes this problem, using tech to help rapidly respond, revise, publish and revise again for your constantly evolving learners.
There are other frameworks available for instructional designers such as the TPACK framework.
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Daniel Brown is a senior technical editor and writer that has worked in the education and technology sectors for two decades. Their background experience includes curriculum development and course book creation.